Forced Affection -Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan (an essay)

Katherine M. Lawrence:

As a fan of Anthony Bryant, I have been influenced by his insights. This essay is rich in detail and texture.

Originally posted on Rekishi Nippon (Japanese history):

While readers of Japanese literature from the Heian and Kamakura periods often find it difficult to determine when a sexual encounter has actually taken place, there are certain textual indicators that writers can use to make it plain that something carnal has, in fact, occurred. Writers may speak of the night as “dreamlike,” or describe the woman as “pliant” or “vulnerable,” and the use of these latter two terms hints at the fact that the encounter may have been more coercive than consensual. Some encounters are written to indicate so much forcefulness that they seem to the Western reader to be nothing less than rape. It is these forced encounters that I propose to examine in this paper.

Sexual relationships in Heian and Kamakura court literature (most notably in Monogatari) may often begin with a contact that can only be compared to rape, but the strictures of the court society…

View original 5,429 more words

Yamabuki’s Sword — historic blade from her era and her swordmaker

Tags

, , , , , , , , ,

SamuraiChamploographic

Old swords are rare, even in a country as obsessed with them as Japan. Giving Up the Gun, Japan’s Reversion to the Sword, 1543-1879, traces the significance of the sword in Japanese society.

GivingUpTheGun

Many of us picture Japan as a country of swords-only, but that was not always so. Films such as Ran show samurai and other warriors using matchlocks that were introduced through the Portuguese in around 1550.

Ran_09

Many author attribute the success of Toragawa Ieyasu’s success in winning the civil war in 1603 and becoming the Shogun to his adroit use of firearms.

Ran_05

Perrin writes,

By 1575. guns had replaced swords in the ranks of all but the most stubborn samurai. But after 1637, the Japanese stopped using guns for over 200 years.

Swords were melted down to make guns and later guns were melted to make swords.

Old swords were modernized and altered or melted down for the metal and then reforged. Still other blades were altered and shortened for other purposes, not mention that blades that were simply lost or were demanded beyond repair.

Few swords survive from the period in and around the Gempei War and Yamabuki’s era. However, while research I came across a blade that was not only of that era, but made by the sword master who crafted Yamabuki’s blade, (below).

pablo-1150-1-1-EditYamabukiTachi

We have the length and curvature and also the details.

We read in Cold Heart, the upcoming novel, when she is just twelve years old she has a coming of age ceremony–unusually young for a girl,

. . . the one special gift from her father. He had commissioned Yukiyasu, purported to be the empire’s greatest sword smith, to craft a tachi-style sword for her . . . if anyone ever before doubted that General Moroto’s eldest child was her parents’ favorite, such doubts were forever dispelled as Yamabuki pulled the magnificent glimmering steel from its cobalt blue lacquered-scabbard that bore the Taka crossed-fathers crest. She immediately named the blade Tiger Claw.

Quantity, not Quality, Time with the Muse

Tags

,

Katherine M. Lawrence:

There is something to be said for just being there.

Originally posted on Laura Hile:

Photo Credit: Mararie (Creative Commons) An Astronomical Clock // Photo Credit: Mararie (Creative Commons) When my sons were little, the debate over Quality Time versus Quantity Time was in full swing. The idea was this: if a parent spends meaningful time with a child, then that cancels out the need to spend large amounts of time together, right? Umm…

Having worked in daycare, I already knew the answer: Quantity Time wins. It does. Always. And this doesn’t only apply to very young children.

Fast forward to Mom’s Weekend at Oregon State. I would show up Friday night with my sleeping bag, ready for their sofa. Since each son also worked, he would put in his shift and return to their apartment. We watched movies (ha, of my choosing!) and talked and took walks by the river. I treated them to dinner at a local Chinese dive. And bought pizza and snacks and sodas and coffee.

View original 455 more words

The World of Taira no Kiyomori

Tags

, , , , , , , , , , ,

As a big fan of Japanese television, I have watched more than a historic drama or two. It is a rather Japanese style to introduce historic dramas by showing the films of historic places as they look today along with artifacts and scrolls. Think Ken Burns and The Civil War, if you are American.

The other day I presented a map of the Isle of Unknown Fire, which today is called Kyushu and it the southern-most of Japan’s four main isles.

The Yamabuki series, which will take the main character into the Gempei War (1180-1185), takes her into encounters with Kiyomori. I came across this 3 minute video about him along with some scenes of Japan. In a style I have grown fond of, the narrator explains the setting and why this is such an important event.

Many of the places are the same as Yamabuki would have visit. For those interested in the actual places, film and narrative might be of interest.

Usagi Yojimbo — Rabbit Bodyguard

Tags

, , , , , , , ,

UsagiVol2-03-03

My kendo teacher told me about a wonderful comic book series by Stan Sasaki called Usagi Yojimbo, literally “rabbit bodyguard.” Set in the 1600, about 400 years after Yamabuki, it is a wonderful world invented by Sasaki, filled with animals who inhabit a Tokugawa Japan.

Usagi-Yojimbo-Poster-small

Usagi is a samurai and a fighter, but he is not a grim killer–in essence a one note character. Although he is a rabbit, he is so human. Contrast this with the Lone Wolf and Cub manga, which is very good, but it’s all serious. I like Lone Wolf and Cub and will blog about that series at on a later post.

LoneWolfCub-v01c001036

Usagi is less “serious,” but his range of emotions within a story span anger, bewilderment, sadness, humility, love, longing, joy . . . and what a great smile he has!

usagi-tomoe-naomi

Usagi is fun and serious, all at the same time. The stories are good and poignant and every bit serious. I recommend these to fans of Japan, samurai, and any readers who like Yamabuki–there’s a bit of Usagi in her.

UsagiYojimbo09-e1342131702349

Samurai Armor–Yamabuki era

Tags

, , , , , , , , ,

1348491917-128485-yoshitoshi_-_100_aspects_of_the_moon_-_28

Some people find ancient Japanese armor fascinating.

In Cold Heart, Yamabuki finds an armor maker to repair a gash to her chest protector. Japanese armor was solid, but unlike the kind of armor seen in The Game of Thrones, it was not plate. Part of it were made of steel pieces called kozane and other parts were lacquered leather. Much of it was tied together by silk cords of vivid colors thanks to the perfection of silk dying in Japan. The armor was light, which allowed the warrior to move, and heavy enough to withstand arrows.

Not every part of the armor was metal.

The upper part of this kind of armor is pictured below.

800px-Nerigawa_hon_kozane_maru_dou

Mythical Great Bay Province — Yamabuki’s Home

Tags

, , , , , , , , , , ,

In historic fiction, places and time spans might not be strictly correct, but most people who write in that genre attempt to have some sense of geography. The home of the Taka clan is a mythical province called Great Bay. As a novel of fiction, but based on a historic person and historic setting, this device allows enough artistic license for the Sword of the Taka Samurai to hopefully not become too didactic. I had thought the location would not play a big role in the first book of the series, Cold Blood, but I was wrong. I was almost immediately asked to provide a map. Here goes:

Great Bay Prefecture takes the western part of Kagoshima in the south of present day Kyushu and is combined with the south western part–about half–of present day Miyazaki.

Long Sword would be from present day Oita.

Kita, where she stays at the Wakatake Inn is in Fukuoka Prefecture. The Kanmon Strait is there.

The second part of Cold Blood and most of Cold Heart takes place in Nagato located within present day Yamaguchi on Honshu, the Main Isle.

The straight line distance from the Taka compound near Cape Toi to the Kanmon Strait is about 150 miles, which takes her about 10 days.

Japan_Kyushu_Map

(above) Kyushu today. In Yamabuki’s time it was called the Isle of Unknown Fire.

IMG_8561

(above) As seen today, the area in and around the mythical Taka compound.

How Old Is Old In Heian Japan?

Tags

, , ,

IOU0116youngWarlord

Recently I sent part of a chapter to a professional editor for review. I got an interesting reaction.

In the excerpt young Inari Takakatsu, 17 at the time, is thrust into the position of ruler after his father, the war lord, is killed in an accident. It’s kind of like Hamlet, without an uncle who marries the widow, since the uncle is an abbot at the local garan, a Buddhist monastery.

Enemies of the young warlord attack him. Since he was trained from childhood as a warrior, he fends off multiple opponents in a narrow hallway.

My editor suggested credulity was stretched. How could someone so young fight them off?

Yet, as we read in history of the Heian period, there were no teens. They went from child, straight to adult, at around age 12 to 14. The average woman in the Court lived to about 27 or 28. A man maybe to 34. This would mean some around 17 could be called “middle aged.”

38cc4a0ac6741b640508ac56cd3e0450youngEmperorbrother

High Altitude Coffee

Tags

, , , , , , ,

1085014_648837878507408_299637167_oDurangoCoffee

Writers who write first thing in the morning, even if before sunup—especially before sunup—often get their initial boost of wakefulness from coffee.

I come from Seattle, so you’d think I knew something about coffee. Why Seattle has a reputation for coffee, I don’t know. All I remember from growing up was Mrs. Olsen, a Scandinavian, telling us about Folgers. Maybe because Seattle has her, and Red Hook from Ballard, “Ja fur shur you betcha,” Seattle is the coffee capital of North America, or so they say.

Don’t get me wrong. I like Starbucks and Seattle’s Best and even Mrs. Olsen’s Folgers will do in a pinch.

However, as I grew older, I came to realize that coffee roasted above 6,000+ feet has a specialness. I first noticed this in Santa Fe, New Mexico, which is at over 7,000 feet and casts a downward look (a half mile) at those of us in the greater Denver lowlands.

Beans roasted well over a mile up seems to have something. Maybe the lower boiling point of water. Here in Boulder water boils at about 206 F and not the usual 212F. In Santa Fe it’s about 197 F.

It’s not just that we brew at a higher altitude, if the coffee is roasted at a higher altitude, something special is saved. Caffeine? Oils? The beans are not dry.

Got some as gifts from the holiday and five more pounds arrived mail order the other day.

Whatever it is, it’s working. My productivity is up to about 2,000 words a day.

Wow!

http://www.81301coffee.com

Japanese Folk Songs in the Yamabuki series –Sword of the Taka Samurai

Tags

, , , , ,

While writing the Yamabuki series I have been inspired by various folk songs and dances, some of which I have shred with my alpha and beta readers. At their suggestion, I share one now . . . just for fun . . . which is part of Cold Heart.

As I research the 12th century in Japan, I see that scholars have only a narrow window on the society and not a lot of things are known about the common people. But music and old songs often have a way to giving as another way to experience human feelings.

On the day after the twelfth night, which is also the name of Shakespeare’s “musical,” I offer up this video of a song that has inspired my writing.

Hope you like it.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 41 other followers